Welcome to HGV Licence Headquarters and thanks for visiting!
Types of HGV Licence:
C1 Licence -
- This licence will allow somebody to drive a vehicle with a MAM of more than 3.5 tonnes but under 7.5 tonnes.
- The cab must be fixed to the trailer and so this licence is perfect if you want to drive vehicles such as an Ambulance, Horsebox or Motorhome.
- If you passed your car driving test before 1997, this category will automatically be on you licence.
C1+E Licence -
- As above but allows the holder to tow a trailer behind the vehicle.
Category C Licence -
- This licence will allow somebody to drive a vehicle with a maximum authorised mass of over 7.5 tonnes.
- As with the C1 Licence the cab and trailer must be rigid and so holders of this licence can drive vehicles such as fire engines and rubbish collection trucks.
- Also known as a ‘Class 1 licence’
Category C+E Licence -
- This is the full HGV licence and allows the holder to drive an articulated lorry that weighs in excess of 7.5 tonnes.
- To get this licence the Category C must first be obtained.
- Also known as a ‘Class 2 licence’
How do I get an HGV Licence?
5 steps to getting your licence:
- Apply for correct provisional entitlements on your licence
- Obtain a medical report
- Pass the theory and hazard perception tests
- Pass the practical driving test
- Complete the Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (Driver CPC)
In order to obtain the correct provisional entitlements on your driving licence there are two forms that need to be filled in.
The first form to fill in is the D2 – Application for a driving licence for a lorry, minubus or bus. This can be found on the DVLA website’s Form Ordering Service here.
The D4 form is confirmation that you are medically fit enough to drive safely, and has to be signed by a medical practitioner such as a GP or there are specialist firms that provide medical examinations for drivers. These can be found for a fee of around £51.
The D4 form, along with further information and guidance for filling it in can be found here.
Once applied for there should be around a 3 week turnaround before your new provisional HGV licence arrives.
Lorry Driver Theory Test
The theory test is made up of 2 parts -
- 100 multiple choice questions
- Hazard perception test
These tests can be booked at the official GOV.UK website, where further information on booking can be found.
Multiple Choice Theory Test
In order to pass this part of the test you need to answer 85 out of the 100 questions correctly. The fee for taking the test is £35 and is done at a specified local centre, where you select answers by simply touching the screen.
Question practice is the key to passing the test and there a plenty of resources out there for this – both paid and free. See our HGV Licence Resources page for information on some of these.
Hazard Perception Test
The hazard perception section of the test is made up of video clips of 19 different situations, from which you will need to score a total of 67 marks out of 100.
This can be taken at the same time as the HGV theory test or within 2 years before or afterwards, and costs £15 to attempt.
In this section of the test you will be shown short video clips of on-road situations and you are required to click when you notice a potential hazard developing.
HGV Licence Practical Test
The final step to getting your full HGV Licence is to take the practical test.
This will take around 90 minutes and there are a number of criteria that you will need to meet if you are going to pass:
- Safety questions about the vehicle
- Practical road driving
- Off-road practical driving exercises
Book your test here. The practical test will cost you £115 to take on a weekday and £141 at the weekend, which is expensive and therefore it is vital to make sure you are ready before doing this.
Rather than listing the criteria out, the videos below from the Driving Standards Agency show a step-by-step guide on what to expect from the practical test.
When you have completed the test your examiner will tell you immediately if you have passed. If for any reason you have failed the test you are required to wait 3 working days before you are able to take the test again.
If you pass, congratulations- you are now the proud holder of an HGV Licence!
In order to drive an HGV professionally you must first obtain the CPC initial qualification- failure to do so could result in a fine of £1,000.
One passed you will receive a Driver Qualification card, which you must keep with you at all times when driving as a professional.
To keep your Driver CPC you will then have to do 35 hours of ‘Periodic Training’ every 5 years.
For more information see the CPC Information page.
Thanks for reading this summary of how to get your HGV Licence, and I really hope that you found it useful. Please leave any comments or questions and I will be happy to answer them, or have a look at some of the great information on the rest of the site.